Archive for April, 2011

The Battle of Chile

April 29, 2011

Tomorrow, Chilean filmmaker Patricio Guzman will be in attendance as The Battle of Chile will be screening in the Billy Wilder Theatre located at the Hammer Museum near the UCLA campus. This is an amazing documentary that is broken into 3 parts. It documents Salvador Allende’s last year as President of Chile and takes the viewer straight into the coup that was orchestrated by the C.I.A. and leads to the death of Salvador Allende.

I am going tomorrow evening as well as Saturday night.  Parts 1&2 will be shown on Friday evening and Saturday night, Parts 3 along with Chile-Obstinate Memory will be shown. For those who are not familiar with Salvador Allende or what happened on September 11, 1973, should definately check out this documentary. And for those who are familiar, tomorrow is an opportunity to see Patricio Guzman and thank the man for making this documentary for the world to see.

Looking forward to meeting Patricio Guzman tomorrow and seeing the Battle of Chile.

For those who want further information, check out these links.

Happy Birthday, Mumia Abu Jamal

April 25, 2011

Today is Mumia Abu Jamal’s 57th birthday. Mumia continues to struggle behind bars but he is an inspiration to millions of people in the world. May we continue to bring attention to his case and all political prisoners so that one day they will be set free. Let’s hope that we get a new trial in his case.
Here are some of Mumia’s quotes:

Here is an interview that Mumia gave to the Mexican Magazine, Desinformémonos. Enjoy it.

“It takes many to make revolution… and many to preserve it.”

“About the idea of organizing outside of political parties and the political class —I’m with it. In fact, it may be the only thing that keeps social movements fresh and free from the snares of political corruption.”
Gloria Muñoz Ramírez

A year ago we began trying to arrange an interview with Mumia, one of the best known political prisoners in the world. We sent him letters and requests through all available contacts (including Amigos de Mumia of Mexico) who kindly offered to help get in touch with him on death row in the prison at Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, the state where he’s been imprisoned for 29 years. One fine day an envelope appeared beneath our door with the name of M. A. Jamal as the sender. This is the first interview the African-American activist and ex Black Panther has given to a Mexican news media.

In a two-page, typewritten letter, Mumia speaks of the need for social organization; of political parties as “servants of capital”; of the relevance of autonomous movements and the proposals of the EZLN; of the African-American movement in the United States; of the teachings of Franz Fanon; and of the expectations aroused by Obama when he became President in a country where “Blacks hold offices but have little power.”

The way Mumia sees it, “the struggle continues.”
The interview with Mumia follows in the format of his choice:

Hola! I’ll try to address some of your concerns in this format. Here we go!

How to organize

There is no single, one way nor one event that sparks such things. Because people are complex, and, of course, conditions change. Organizing begins, according to the great C.L.R. James, when 2 people agree to work together. Mao said that ‘a single spark can start a prairie fire’, and that certainly seems to be the case when you look at Egypt and Tunisia of the past few weeks. But it’s also true that organizing has been talking place (especially in Egypt) for some time now, and it appears many people just reached a breaking point.

Political parties

Many, indeed, most political parties, especially in the metropolis, have become open servants of capital, and thus compete, not even pretending to represent the people, but in service to Wealth. The French historian De Tocqueville famously said,

“Than politics the American citizen knows no higher profession – for it is the most lucrative.” He wrote this over 150 years ago!

They are actually impediments to the needs and the interests of the people. This is especially clear in the so-called developed world, where we see politicians promise one thing to get elected and then, once in office renege on the very things they promised. They never fall, however, to service their “friends” on Wall St., or in The City, or of the Bourse. They get the lion’s share – of the people’s wealth!


If I understand what you are saying (there being little autonomous movements in the US), you mean movements which are ‘autonomous’ of political parties. If that understanding is correct, than I’m all for it. Political parties, in addition to being mechanisms to amass personal wealth, are machines to give people the illusion of democracy.

EZLN plans

I’m with that. In fact, that may the only thing that keeps social movements fresh from the snares of corruption that is so common in political life around the world. An older friend and I have been discussing this very thing for several years now (he too, is a student of the EZLN). I think it should be explored, tried out, and then utilized if it can be done.


The situation, to be quite honest, is quite dire. For millions of children in US ghettoes, in cities all across America, the drop-out rate is 50%. In some cities, like Baltimore, I’m told that the figure approaches 75%. And even for those that graduate, many of them are unable to enter college, because they’ve received a substandard education. That’s for children! While the official unemployment rate is about 7% nationally, In Black America it is nearer to 35% – and 60%+ for young people! In addition, young Blacks are subject to police violence that is overt, brutal and deadly – and rarely are they punished for such acts.

The Obama election has awakened and emboldened rightwing, racist forces, many of whom have found a home in the so-called ‘Tea Party’ movement. Politicians now speak openly in praise of the Civil War (1860-1865), on behalf of the South. Indeed, several days ago, the governor of Mississippi was set to honour one of the founders of the Ku Klux Klan with a license plate: Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, who was responsible for the torture and massacres of hundreds of Black Union soldiers at a place called Fort Pillow.

The Black Panther Party

That movement has significant interest among the Black young, but few know historical details. That’s because they are told by teachers and media of the Civil Rights triumph that enabled the elections of Black politicians. The nationalist movement is at an ebb. What the movement accomplished was the separation of working class Blacks from bourgeois-oriented Blacks, and the resultant alienation of the well-to-do Blacks from their poorer, inner city cousins. This is reflected at almost every level of Black life in America. That explains how (and why) schools for millions of Black and Latin@ kids can be so poor, in so many communities.

Blacks & Indigenous

The differences are real, for we rarely share living space (most indigenous communities are in rural or Western areas; most Blacks live in urban areas). That said, there is certainly ideological interaction between the two, as the AIM was clearly influenced by the BPP, and the Black power movement. The struggles for independence and freedom reinforced and influenced each other.


As capitalism reaches a crisis, it forces people to think less holistically, and more selfishly. This Impulse, stoked by fear (and spread by corporate media) reinforces the feeling of separation among people, and dissipates commonality, community and indeed, social cohesiveness. Unless activists can build that feeling of solidarity among peoples, these impulses will lead to real social and perhaps historical disasters.

EZLN  and the Black Panther Party

I think what unites both formations is (was) the insistence that people, from all walks of life, can play important roles in social movements of change. Many Black Nationalist movements of the ’60s were quite critical of the BPP for working with white people (it also worked with Chicanos, Puerto Ricans, Japanese, and Chinese activists). The Zapatista call has always been to the world: the entire world, of colour, of gender, of class, etc. I think that inclusive quality is, at base, its most humanistic, and that which appeals to the broad stretch of the human family. For it takes many to make revolution – and many to preserve it.

Contradictions between discourse and practice in the United States   

Your reading of contradictions between the US as an avatar of human rights and being the Prison house of nations is perceptive. That contradiction is stark, and irrefutable. We have many things in America, but democracy certainly isn’t one of them. We have democratic forms; but no true democratic norms. When millions of Americans took to the streets in the Spring of 2002, demanding that the US not go to war, the ‘democracy’ ignored the people – and the result has been a social, humanitarian, ecological, archaeological and military disaster. George Bush called the millions in the streets a ‘pressure group’ – that he promptly ignored. How is it that the country that speaks so sweetly of freedom has more prisoners than any other nation in the world-and most of them are Black? The U.S. has about 5% of the world’s population – yet almost 25% of the world’s prisoners. So much for human rights.

Franz Fanon and  Obama

African-Americans didn’t take power in the Obama election, although I can understand why some think they did. That’s because a certain kind of history was made. For the first time in U.S. history, a Black person was elected president (interesting, it comes almost a century and a ½ after a Black man became president of Mexico!). But, as Fanon taught in the African continental context, colonialism was succeeded by neo-colonialism. Blacks hold offices, but, the truth of the matter is, they hold little power. They are beholden to the same interests as white politicians are. Indeed, the sad fact is, Blacks may hold less power than before, for Black politicians are less able to address Black issues, for fear of being projected by the corporate media as ‘racist’ (recall the example of when Obama called the cop who harassed and arrested his friend and old college professor, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., ‘stupid’). The media went crazy. The incident proved also that the Black ‘elite’ (if a Harvard prof. isn’t elite, no one is), Prof. Gates was treated like a poor Black in the ghetto, arrested in his own home, humiliated, and jailed for daring to speak boldly to a white cop. The media rode Obama into silence.

About me 

 As the Mozambicans used to say, ‘a luta continua’: the struggle continues. We must build and widen, and deepen and strengthen our struggle, wherever it is, for, to quote Frederick Douglass, “Without struggle there is no progress.” It may not be easy; but it is necessary.

Adios, mis amigos!   Y gracias por todo!

Hey World

April 22, 2011
This is one of my favorite Michael Franti Songs.

Tell me why the grass was greener,
Years ago, I swear, it used to grow here,
But no more here.

Tell me why on this hill,
All the birds they used to come to fly here,
Come to die here.

Tell me why I need to know,
Sometimes I wish I didn’t have to know
All you’ve shown me.

Hey world, what you say,
Should I stick around for another day or two?
Don’t give up on me, I won’t give up on you.
Just believe in me like I believe in you.

Tell me why, on the corner,
All the kids that used to come to run here,
Load their guns here.

And tell me why it’s okay to kill in the name of the Gods we pray,
Tell me who said it’s okay to die in the name of the lies we say,
Tell me why there’s child soldiers,
Tell me why they close the borders,
Tell me how to fight disease, and
Tell me now, won’t you please

The only thing I want to do
Is to be in the arms of someone who
Believes in me, like I believe in you

And I say
Hey world what you say,
Should I stick for around for another day
Hey world what you say,
Should I stick for around for another day
Hey world what you say,
Should I stick for around for another day or two?

Don’t give up on me, I won’t give up
And I try, try, try, try,
I try, try, try, try,
On you
Don’t give up on me
And I cry, cry, cry, cry,
I cry, cry, cry, cry,
Just believe in me like I believe

Hey world, what you say
Hey world, what you say
Hey world, what you say
Should I stick around for another day
Hey world, what you say
Should I stick around for another day or two?

Don’t give up on me, I won’t give up on you
Just believe in me like I believe in you

Don’t give up on me

Hey world, what you say
Hey world, what you say
Hey world, what you say
Hey world, what you say?

Homeless Mother Arrested for Enrolling 5 year old Son Into School

April 22, 2011
When I read this story, I was shocked. Is this something that is happening all across America? I can’t believe they arrested the homeless mother for enrolling her 5 year old son into a school. The allegations of “stealing” from the school district to me doesn’t make sense. When a mother who doesn’t have a permanent place to stay, she will do everything possible to have her son be enrolled in school. Here is the video below to get further information on this story:

Recordando a Cantinflas

April 21, 2011
Hoy recuerdo a Cantinflas en su decimo octavo aniversario de su muerte. Cantinflas fue y sigue siendo el mejor humorista que Mexico ha ofrecido al mundo. Su sentido de humor y sus cantinfleadas se conocen por todo el mundo. Recuerdo sus peliculas y sus cantifleadas que sirven para alimentar mi alma de alegria y risas. Personajes como Cantinflas no mueren sino se mantienen vivas en nuestras memorias. Como Cantinflas no hay dos. He dicho ūüôā

Aqui les dejo un articulo que habla de la vida de Cantinflas.

Estos son 3 de mis mejores videos de C???antinflas. Disfrutenlos.

Cruzando la frontera. Este video como me hace reir, YOU KNOW.
El Grito de Guerra al estilo de Cantinflas.
Cantinflas Boxeando.

Major League Baseball now in control of the Dodgers

April 20, 2011
Bud Selig announced that Major League Baseball (MLB) has informed Dodgers owner, Frank McCourt, that MLB will be in charge of the Dodgers finances and would soon appoint a trustee in the upcoming days to handle the Dodgers day to day operations. This is great news to all Dodger fans. It is about time that McGreedy is given the boot.

 Where is Peter O’Malley? The Dodgers need someone like O’Malley to takeover the Dodgers. This is great news considering that Easter is around the corner. The resurrection of the Dodgers has begun.  Maybe MLB will look into the Green Bay Packers and have the fans take control of the team. After all, it is the fans that have made the Dodgers who they are. Here is the article that gives further information on the Dodgers takeover:

One Boxer Gives 4 Women The Gift of Life

April 20, 2011
ESPN did an amazing job in telling the story of Francisco “Paco” Rodriguez aka El Nino Azteca. Paco Rodriguez was fighting his 1st title fight when he got stopped in the 10th round and collapsed on his ring corner. When doctors told Paco’s wife, Sonia, that he was declared brain dead and to consider donating his organs, Sonia and Paco’s family decided to move forward and donate his organs. Please see the video below to find out how Paco’s organs saved the life of 4 women.

Contaminate our minds, but our hearts remain pure

April 19, 2011
Doctors, Drums and Danger-2mex feat. Sick Jacken.
This is a straight underground hip hop classick.
Psycho Realm
The Mexican Descendent
Sick Jacken
2Mex (2Mex…)
B-Boys in occupied in
Doctors, drums and danger
A message to the village idiots
A Mexican
Descendent, Psycho Realm are the quintessential sac religious
Affiliates, envious doctors
To the snakes and the spiders, my rebels to the fake and the
When I left the squad
I got one breath left with death threat from God
With the extraordinary urgency
2Mex is needed for heart culinary surgery
You got a spot on your retina
I got a penicillin refillable syllable shots full of
And I’m hovering like Tiger
Hellion, I’m a love it when I stick it in the belly of the
With the Psycho Realm
The police, they got our lives all on microfilm
But that’s okay
I’ll live to see another day
I got tabs full of words that’ll wish you away
We’re like
Tito Santana
Meets Hercules Hernandez
You’re gonna need an antenna just to
Understand this
I’m a militant mil mascaras
I’m diligent when I’m peelin’ your casa
When you step into the scene, expect what will occur
You remember hearin’ the drum, the rest is just a blur
Underground sound, it’s just a slang in slur
When we sippin’ sick juice and illuse
Sick words
Burned by society, left there with asses
Hangin’ in the waistline, we Sickside classes
They flash us, the gang signs, the badges, then blast us
Despite the drama
We still bring it to the masses
Rob documentary style (Yeah)
We film the
Realm, what we build to create a song foul
Fans, they go crazy, at shows, make it all worthwhile
If you ain’t breaking your neck, fool, you’re in denial
The doctors, drums come in, we’re too sick to cure
Contaminate our minds, but our hearts remain pure
The plan is secured, soldiers rest assured
Spur the moment, sparks of truth will occur
I got two rap sheets, one with crimes, one with rhymes
Most cycles on the street hurl along the same lines
Psycho cause we’re steadily losin’ in prison minds
Sometimes, we get a glitch, cop bitch and come find
With full raids
Where fools rage and pigs masquerade
Invade my whole shit, their own laws get disobeyed
Straight from police scene, by releasing the hate on the
Sickest beats, with speak, on streets, we roam crazed

You wanna live in the palm of the devil
Die as a rebel
Reveal revelations
To the point of a nuclear disaster, we’re factored
To the rapture, captured by the columnists
Searchin’ for significance, driftin’ towards a bias preference
Even as an old mayne
There’s no freedom
On the other side of the gate
This world is a prison
Measurin’ your whereabouts, suffocatin’
Heredity animate me, social realism
From the pyramid to the paradox
Where all three-strike offenders
Rendered as a lifeline
Get snorted as a cokeline {*sniff*}
How high will you get
Before I have to
Blow that ass up just like Steven Nicks
Lying in a hospital, sick
I’m lyin’ to
Escape this hazardous trick
Medical America
By lethal injection
There’s rooms that react to this in selves
It’s like where dreams to a toxin polin and
Crawlin’ in through the layers of an ocean
The modern count of justice
Be hear, the poison begins within our earlobes
This, age
Of blashemy
Sent an Aztec team on the street corner
While Michigan gets blast at me

We’ve got bigger problems

Victor Ortiz Upsets Berto To Become The New WBC Champion

April 17, 2011


Víctor Ortiz y Andre Berto


Víctor Ortiz y Andre Berto
Marty Rosengarten
Victor “Vicious” Ortiz shocked the boxing world by beating Andre Berto to become the new WBC Welterweight Champion. Ortiz won a unanimous decision. The judges had it, 115-110, 114-112, 114-111. I had it 115-110. Victor Ortiz vs Andre Berto is turning out to be the front runner for Fight of the Year.

Victor Ortiz was fighting his first fight in the welterweight division and from the opening bell, he looked like a pit bull that was let loose. He quickly went ahead and started charging after Berto. In the first round, Ortiz hurt Berto by knocking him down twice. I scored that round a 10-7 for Ortiz. The 2nd round things shifted as Berto knocked down Ortiz. Rounds 3-5, I gave them to Ortiz. Andre Berto to me looked hurt in rounds 3 and 4. Not only did he looked hurt but he was getting tired quick. Round 6 should be the Round of the Year. This was clearly Andre Berto’s round when he knocked down Ortiz. Andre Berto was on the verge of knocking out Ortiz when out of nowhere Ortiz connected with a left hook that sent Berto to the canvas. Round 6 was scored a 10-10. Round 7, Victor Ortiz outboxed Andre Berto. The same goes for Berto who did the same in Rounds 8 and 9. Andre Berto looked like he was catching his second wind after the 9th round. He was slowly coming back into the fight. Round 10 was a great round. It was going well until Ortiz got a point taken away for hitting Berto in the back of the head. This seemed to ignite a fire in Ortiz as he took the fight to Berto and won an exchange of punches as the round was coming to an end. I scored the round  a 9-9. Rounds 11-12 were all Ortiz. Andre Berto looked tired on the 11th round. He was inviting Ortiz towards the ropes and Ortiz was landing solid bombs on Berto. Ortiz hit Berto with uppercuts, hooks, and couple body shots. Ortiz won the round by being the more aggressive fighter and landing more punches. At the start of round 12, both fighters showed great sportsmanship as they walked to the middle of the ring and gave each other a hug. The only way Andre Berto could maintain his undefeated record was to knock out Ortiz. Andre Berto started the round well by attacking Ortiz with good combinations but Ortiz kept coming forward and landing some hard punches of his own. Ortiz kept throwing and ended the round strong by boxing well and taking the fight to Andre Berto.

With Victor Ortiz unanimous decision victory over Andre Berto, he silenced all his critics who questioned his heart and his will to fight. Ortiz fought the fight of his life. This was a war from the opening bell. If Victor Ortiz continues to fight the way he fought against Berto, he may live up to the hype that was placed on him before the Marcos Maidana fight. I see Ortiz staying in the welterweight division for awhile. He is a big welterweight. He weighed in at 146 and was fighting at 161. The question now is what is next for the new WBC Welterweight Champion. Who will he fight next? Should he take a Berto rematch next? Would Maidana move up and challenge Ortiz at 147? Would Ortiz challenge a fighter like Kermit Cintron? Would Ortiz fight Selcuk Aydin, who was Berto’s mandatory challenger twice but was avoided by Berto? Whatever is next for Ortiz, it should be against a top 10 contender. Berto, on the other hand, needs to work on his defense. Berto already has power but needs to stop holding too much his opponents. I think Andre Berto might have taken this fight lightly since he got tired in the earlier rounds. We will see what is next for Berto. Maybe he fights Mike Jones. But, the night belong to Victor Ortiz and he now puts his name in the mix with boxing’s biggest stars. It was an amazing fight. Looking forward to seeing what is next for Victor Ortiz.

On another note…Tonight will go down as one of Boxing’s biggest upsets as Orlando Salido (35-11-2) knocked out previously undefeated Juan Manuel Lopez (30-1) in the 8th round in Puerto Rico to become the new WBO Featherweight Champion. That fight was also toe to toe as JuanMa was sent to the canvas couple of times by some hard hooks to the chin. I think the referee stopped the fight too early on the 8th round but it was clearly that JuanMa was being beat. So much for the mega fight between JuanMa and Gamboa. This is a huge blow to Arum who was trying to hype the fight just so that he could take advantage of it and gain millions of dollars. One thing that Arum might want to consider is that if boxing fans are demanding a fight, don’t wait for fight to be fought at the perfect time because it will never come. Tonight was a reminder than when promoters put their economic interest ahead of the fans, the promoters learned that the fans received justice by the underdogs stepping up to the ring and delivering a knock out for the sport of Boxing. Arum can forget about his mega fight between JuanMa and Gamboa. Personally, Gamboa is on another level. Great win for Salido. He fought like a true Mexican warrior.

Remembering Jackie Robinson

April 16, 2011
Today is Jackie Robinson Day in Major League Baseball. Today we remember Jackie breaking baseball’s color barrier line in 1947. All managers, coaches and players will be wearing #42 in honor of Jackie Robinson. As a Jackie Robinson fan, I am very happy that Major League Baseball retired his number in 1997 and for the past several years have honored Jackie Robinson on April 15th. I have always felt that Jackie Robinson is not only an iconic figure in the baseball world but should be remembered by all Americans. I think America needs to have a national holiday to remember the life of Jackie Robinson. A national holiday that will include a day of community service. Jackie Robinson would not have it any other way. Jackie was so humble that if he was alive today¬†and seeing Major League Baseball¬†using April 15th¬†to honor him, Jackie would be the first one to say that he rather have Major League Baseball be dedicated to the needs of the community where there is a baseball team. He would still be addressing the issues of justice and equality in our society.

Number 42 to me is not only my favorite number but according to¬†The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, number 42 is the “Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything.” If that is the case, I would go as far as to say that Jackie’s number 42 was a code for America to change its evil ways. No longer must White baseball players play the game of baseball by discriminating¬†players for the color of their skin.¬†No longer must¬†people of color be forced to go to separate bathrooms, stay in different hotels, eat isolated from White people, and be forced to live under an American Apartheid.

Jackie not only demonstrated America’s need to change its inhumane¬†rules by the way he played the game but more importantly, how he carried himself in the baseball diamond. In order for the “noble experiment” to work, Jackie was forced to take all the abuse from white racist fans and opposing players. Even his own teammates didn’t want to play next to him or even share the same clubhouse. But, Jackie knew that many of his teammates didn’t care about the color Black but about the color Green. Robinson knew that as long as the Dodgers won a pennant or the World Series, he was helping his teammates get a good paycheck. Jackie once said, “Money is America’s God.” And to this day, this quote echoes throughout the whole world.

What people don’t know about Jackie is that even before he broke baseball’s color barrier line in 1947, he was always dedicated to the values of justice and equality. Once when he was in the military, he refused to get up from his seat and sit in the back of the bus. Jackie Robinson was court martial for standing up for his rights. In the military he and Heavyweight Boxing Champion, Joe Louis, advocated for the equal rights of African-American Soldiers. While Rosa Parks played an instrumental role in the Civil Rights Movement, I like to say that it was Jackie Robinson on July 6, 1944 who was probably the first African American to refuse his seat while riding a bus.

After retiring from baseball, Jackie¬†played a tremendous role in American politics. He continued to fight for the rights of African-Americans in all sectors. He criticized the New York Yankees for being a team that only hired white people. He protested companies who didn’t hired African-Americans. On August 2, 1963, he joined workers who were picketing the construction site of Downstate Medical Center for allegations that Blacks were being discriminated from the hiring process. Jackie Robinson became great friends with Martin Luther King, Jr. MLK once said, “Jackie Robinson was a legend and a symbol in his own time.”¬† In 1964, he co founded the Freedom National Bank, a commercial bank owned by African Americans and operated in Harlem, New York. Jackie was not only a co founder but he served as the bank’s first Chairman of the Board. Jackie also championed for the equal rights in the housing sector. His concern for the racial segregation in the housing sector and the conditions that African American families were living in, inspired Jackie Robinson¬†to start¬†The Jackie Robinson Construction Company in 1970 to construct housing for low income families. Jackie Robinson was one of America’s true pioneers during the Civil Rights Movement and people should not forget about that.

It¬†is my tradition to go to Dodger Stadium on Jackie Robinson Day. Tonight I will proudly wear my Jackie Robinson jersey. I wear number 42 understanding that I¬†continue Jackie’s¬†legacy of fighting for justice and equality. I owe a tremendous gratitude to Jackie Robinson for the amazing human being that he was.

Jackie Robinson is not only my hero but a source of my inspiration. No human being should go through what Jackie Robinson went through. His courage and unbending spirit are like no other. Jackie Robinson lived his life with a purpose. He understood that our lives are to be used to make our world a better place. Jackie is quoted as saying, “A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.”

Enjoy this great video on Jackie Robinson

Here are various pics of me wearing #42 to pay tribute to Jackie,
whether I’m throwing out the first pitch at Dodger Stadium,
riding a camel in the Jasailmer desert in India, playing softball
or just watching a Dodger game on Jackie Robinson Day.